Frequently Asked Questions





Anti Corruption Bureau Works against what type of people or Organization
Anti Corruption Bureau works against all corrupt public servants who work under the govt. of Jharkhand. Vigilance departments/organization's/semi government organization /N.G.O.s and other institutions, which directly or indirectly, uses government funds. Anti Corruption Bureau can take action against those people who abet or conspire with a govt, servant for taking undue advantage of govt. officials for person gain.



How does Anti Corruption Bureau works against the government servant, who is asking for bribe
Whenever a public servant asks for bribe or illegal gain from any person, against any service or work/favor which is pending before him, then that person can make a complain to the Anti Corruption Bureau. The complaint has to be lodged against the government service who was asking for bribe. After secret verification, Anti Corruption Bureau works against the corrupt government servant.



Whether Anti Corruption Bureau provides money to the complainant, to trap a corrupt government servant ? If the money provided by the complainant, then how he gets his money back and how much time it takes?
Anti Corruption Bureau never provides any money to any complainant to trap a corrupt government servant. The amount used for trap is made available by complainant. The matching amount is returned by Anti Corruption Bureau to complainant shortly after laying the successful trap.



Is it necessary for a person to physically approach to the Anti Corruption for providing information/or lodging a complaint about the crime
Not at all. Anti Corruption Bureau can be approached by sending the information/complaint by post, e-mail, SMS from a mobile or be making a phone call.



Can you post some general guidance for approaching the Anti Corruption Bureau for the registration of crime?
Anti Corruption Bureau is a specialized agency meant for investigation of crime relating to Corruption by Public Servants under the control of the State Government, serious economic offences and frauds. Anti Corruption Bureau does not take up investigation of general and routine nature of crime as the Police forces of the State and Union Territories are meant to investigate such crime. As far as crime of corruption by Public servants of the State Goverment is concerned, any individual can approach ANTI CORRUPTION BUREAU. Any one can be approached for providing information about serious economic offences. As stated above; local Police in the State should be approached for registration of crimes of general and routine nature. This does not mean that they should not be approached for registration of serious offences. It is only meant to same that Anti Corruption Bureau should not be approached for general and routine nature of Economic and Special offences.



What types of Crime Anti Corruption Bureau investigates today?
Anti Corruption Bureau has grown into a multidisciplinary investigating agency over a period of time. Today Anti Corruption Bureau investigates following types of crime :- (i) Anti-Corruption - Investigation of cases under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 against Public officials and the employees of state Government, Public Sector Undertakings, Corporations or Bodies owed or controlled by the Government of Jharkhand. (ii) Economic Offences - Investigation of major financial scams and serious economic frauds. (iii) Trap Cases - In departments & works od state govt., public sector undertaking, corporation or bodies owned or controlled by state govt.



Can Anti Corruption Bureau suo-moto take up investigation of any crime any where in the state?
The Anti Corruption Bureau can investigate such a crime in the State only with the consent of the state Government. The High Court and investigate such a crime anywhere in the State.



Is it necessary to mention ones's identity for giving information/complaint to Anti Corruption Bureau?
Yes, it is. In accordance with the guidelines formulated by the Vigilance Department, Anti Corruption Bureau does not entertain anonymous/pseudonymous information/complaint. Having said this, the information/complainant can however, always request to keep their identity secret. Anti Corruption Bureau takes all kept secret, But if the information is very specific and the Bureau feels that the matter can be enquired than it can do without trying to know the identity of the informant.



Who provides the money used for laying the trap?
The money has to provided by the complainant. Anti Corruption Bureau does not provide money for laying trap.



What happens to the money of the complaint that is provided for laying the trap?
Such money is an important piece of evidence against the accused, to be used in the court during trial. It is seized by Anti Corruption Bureau and put up in the court along with the charge sheet After completion of trial, court order return of the money to the complainant. The money is, therefore, eventually return to the complainant after completion of the trial. However, keeping in view the hardships, which may be faced by the complainant because of the deposition of the money in the court, Anti Corruption Bureau has devised a procedure for refunding an equaivalent amount of money to the complainant after filling of the charge sheet, This is done in after observing certain formalities including obtaining an application to the DG Anti Corruption Bureau by the complainant for refunding the money.



If the complainant is so poor that he can not arrange bribe money does it mean that no action can be taken against a corrupt public servant, who demands bribe?
Certainly nor. Action can be taken in such situations also. As per section 7 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 sheer demand bribe is a punishable offence. That is to say that acceptance of bribe is not a mandatory requirement to prosecute a public servant If it can be proved in the court by way of collection of evidence that the public servant had demanded bribe for an official act, the public servant can be convicted. Laying of the trap is just a means of collection of strong evidence to prove the guilt. It is preferred because it facilitates collection of good evidence and makes a perfect case. In the absence of trap, it is difficult to collect evidence of demand of bribe. It, however, does not mean that laying of trap is manadatory and nothing can be done in the absence of a trap.



We have often heard that not only bribe taking but bribe giving is also an offence under the Law. In that case is not the complainant who hands over the bribe amount to the accused for laying trap is also an accused?
Certainly bribe giving is also an offence as per section 12 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, but only when it is given voluntarily. The law however, protects such persons who complaint the law enforcement agencies soon after demand of bribe by a public servant, even if they had agreed to the demand. Section 24 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 provides such protection and acts of the complainant during the process of laying of trap. No action can therefore, be taken against complainants in such matters.



What should an honest public servant do, when he is offered bribe by a person?
As mentioned in answer to question no-19, voluntarily giving or offering bribe is also a punishable offence under section 12 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. In such a case the honest public servant should inform the Anti Corruption Bureau as soon as such an caught red handed by laying a trap on the complaint of an honest public servant The honest public servant shall, therefore, take steps to get such persons punished, rather than ignoring or just reprimanding them. This will deter the unscrupulous elements from bribe giving.



It is often heard, that public servant in higher positions don't demand or take bribes directly but through the touts or middlemen. Does Anti Corruption Bureau take action against such touts or middlemen also?
Most certainly. Section 8 & 9 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 punish such touts/middlemen. On getting information/complainant complaint against such touts/middlemen, Anti Corruption Bureau lays trap against them witth the help of the complainant or otherwise. Further concerned public servant also on whose behalf the touts/middlemen are active Such a public servant is also punishable under section 10 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Anti Corruption Bureau requests the general public to provide information about such known touts/middlemen, who are active in many public offices of the State Government. Anti Corruption Bureau takes steps to verify such information at its own level and ensure action against such touts/middlemen even without a complainant.



we often see across ourselves corrupt public servant leading a lavish life style and having possessions much beyond their means. Can Vigilance Bureau take action against such public servant?
Most certainly. Possession of assets and incurring expendixure, which are beyond the known source of income of a public servant, is publishable under section 13 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Anti Corruption Bureau request the citizens to provide specific details about asset and expenditure of such public servants. Providing general and vague information, however, does not help. Upon receiving such specific details Anti Corruption Bureau conducts discreet verification of the same and conducts raid at the premisesof such public servants after registration of a criminal case, if the information is found as correct.





Does Anti Corruption Bureau give cash reward to the informants?
No. There is no such policy in Anti Corruption Bureau. No cash reward is given to a person who provides information about a crime.





Is there an internal Vigilance set up in Anti Corruption Bureau?
Yes. Anti Corruption Bureau has a very strong internal Vigilance set up for keeping watch over the conduct of its own perssonel . In Anti Corruption Bureau there is zero tolerance about issues of integriti of its personnel. This can be gauged from the fact that the Bureau does not hesitate in registering criminal cases against its own personnel when instances of corruption by them are found.





What is the difference between the nature of the asset investigated by the state Bureau of investigation (CBI) and the Anti Corruption Bureau?
The CBI has been constituted mainly for investigation of incidents of crime of corruption , economic offences and serious and organized crime within the whole country and abroad with the help of interpol, whereas Anti Corruption Bureau investigates crime of corruption, economic offences and serious and organized crime only within the state of Jharkhand.





Why does Anti Corruption Bureau take so much time investigation of cases?
Anti Corruption Bureau conducts investigations in the most professional manner. It lays great emphasis in use of science and technology during investigations. It requires evaluation of evidence be forensic Laboratories and other experts such as Government examiners of Quetioned documents (GEQDs). This often takes time. In addition to above, there is multi-layer supervision in Anti Corruption Bureau. The evidence collected is analysed threadbare both by excutive officers and law officers at multiple levels. Because of all these factors, Anti Corruption Bureau investigation often take time. Having said this , it is important to clarify that investigation of trap cases are generally finished within a period of one to three months. Of late a great emphasis is being laid on Anti Corruption Bureau to complete investigations at the earliest. It has been decided that investigation shall be completed within a period of one year.





Can Anti Corruption Bureau take over the investigation of a criminal case registered by the state Police?
Yes, it can, in the following situations (i) The State Government makes a order to that effect, (ii) The High Court/Vigilance Court orders Anti Corruption Bureau to take up such investigations.